CONTENT

Tunnel Safety and Ventilation

Graz, April 19 – 21, 2004

European Standards for Road Tunnels and their Implementation for Austria                           1

HOERHAN R.; Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology, A

Overview of Work Performed by PIARC C5 Working Group 6                                                6

on Fire and Smoke Control

BENDELIUS A.; Parsons Brinckerhoff Quade & Douglas Inc., USA

New Emission Data for Ventilation Design for Road Tunnels                                                  14

STURM P.J., PRETTERHOFER G., RODLER J., ALMBAUER R.A.; TU-Graz, A

“VIRTUALFIRES” - A Virtual Reality Simulator for Tunnel Fires                                         24

BEER G., REICHL Th., LENZ G.; Graz University of Technology, A

Simulation of Ventilation and Smoke Movement                                                                      32

ALMBAUER R.A. , STURM P.J., BACHER M., PRETTERHOFER G.; TU-Graz, A

The Automation of the Ventilation Response in the Case of a Fire in a Tunnel                     39

CASALE E., BIOLLAY H., HOUSEAUX B., PRZECZEWSKI J.;

Scetauroute Tunnelling Division, Annecy, F

Optimisation of Ventilation in the Case of a Fire in Road Tunnels                                          51

STOSCH R., WEHNER M., BRANDT R.; HBI Haerter AG, D+CH

Self Rescue in Railway Tunnels – Evacuation Simulation Results                                           59

KOHL B.1, BAUER F.2, HÖDL R.2; 1ILF-Consulting Engineers, A, 2HL-AG, A

Tunnel Design with Special View to the Portals - Tunnelkette Klaus, Austria                       69

EBERL G., RIFFNALLER W.; OESAG, A

Advanced Detection Solution – SiADS - Event Detection in Tunnels                                     75

Baumgartner K., Berge J., Scherrer M., Schweda T.;
Siemens Building Technologies, D

Fibre Optic Linear Heat Detection Applied to Tunnels                                                           82

CONWAY Ch.; SENSA – Gamma House, UK

New Approaches in Traffic Surveillance using Video Detection                                              93

Janner C.; ArtiBrain GmbH, A

Modern Air Velocity Sensors in Tunnels                                                                                 99

HÄUSLER W.;  Industrie Automation Graz, A

Practice2 – Training in the Control Room by Utilization of the
Technological Features of the SCADA System                                                                      105

Haas M.; ETM AG, A

Simulating Fires in Tunnels Using Large Eddy Simulation                                                    111

RAHMANI A.1, CARLOTTI P.1, GAY B.2; Buffat M.2;                                               
1Centre d’etudes des tunnels, Bron, F; 2LMFA, Lyon, F

Data Analysis of Natural Ventilation in a Fire in Tunnel                                                        119

GIULI G., GIORGIANTONI G., ZAMPETTI P.; ENEA, I

Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) Measurements in Air-Curtain Systems
designed for Smoke Confining in Case of Road Tunnel Fires                                               127

   GUPTA S.1, PAVAGEAU M.1, SOLLIEC C.1, Rey C.2, DUFRESNE de VIREL M.3;

   1Ecole de Mines de Nantes, 2 Universités d'Aix-Marseille (LMSNM),

   3Centre Scientifique et Technique du Batiment, F       

Efficient Tunnel Ventilation                                                                                                     135

Heiser W.1, Krämer H.U.², Wiesner M.³; 1EAS GmbH, Karlsruhe, D

² PS:Engineering, Frankenthal, D; ³ Wiesner-Technics Consulting, Salzburg, A


Tunnel Operation :The E40-E25 Link (Liège, Belgium) Specific Safety
Measures and Experience Feedback                                                                                     143

TILLET D., BLASZCZAK B.; ISIS company, Walloon Ministry of Transport, B

Fire Test and Safety Concepts in the Rennsteig Tunnel, Germany                                       149

ANDRÄSS S., MAYR R.; SICK MAIHAK GmbH, D

RUDOLF A., SEITZ P.; ILF Beratende Ingenieure AG, CH

Lessons learned from Fire Tests                                                                                            157

SANTNER J.; OESAG, A

Safety Measures for Road Tunnels – Newest Developments for the Plabutschtunnel, A    163

WALTL A.; Steiermärkische Landesregierung, A

Scale Model Experiment for the Ventilated Air Interference at
Intermittent Tunnels                                                                                                               171

Lee H-C.1, Yang C-C.1, chiu h.2, shian m.2, Ota y.3;

   1Taiwan Area National Expressway Engineering Bureau, TW,

   2China Engineering Consultants Inc, TW, 3Ota Engineering, JPN

Approaches of Application of Ventilation Systems in different Tunnels:
Solutions Adopted and Working Operative
                                                                                                    
179

Maya J.M., Abella Suárez M.A.;

Ventilation of Protected Areas in Road Tunnels                                                                    187

ZUMSTEG F.1, Steinemann U.1, WILDI P.2;
1US + FZ Beratende Ingenieure, CH, 2 Civil Eng.Dept.Canton Grisons, CH

On Longitudinal Ventilation and Congested Traffic                                                               193

RIESS I.R., SCHNEIDER G., BRANDT R.; HBI Haerter Ltd., CH

Knowing the Useful Life Period of Technical Equipment –
A Prerequisite for Safe Tunnel Operations                                                                            201

WELTE U.; Amstein+Walthert AG, CH

Tunnel Safety: Water Mist Fire Suppression System in an
Austrian Road Tunnel
                                                                                                            209

REICHSTHALER G.; AQUASYS Technik GmbH, A

Sensoric, Measurement, Detection  and Ventilation Control                                                213

ARALT T.T.; Norwegian Public Road Administration, N

Measurements of Air Flow, Temperature Differences and
Pressure Differences in Road Tunnels                                                                                   220

Steinemann U. 1, ZUMSTEG F.1, WILDI P.2;
1US + FZ Beratende Ingenieure, CH, 2Tiefbauamt Kanton Graubünden, CH

Practical Experience in Ventilation Design for Longitudinal and
Semi Transverse Ventilation Systems                                                                                    227

STROPPA W.; TIWAG-Tiroler Wasserkraft AG, A

Methodology to Assess Tunnel Safety                                                                                   235

SCHEIWILLER A.; Gruner Ltd.Consulting Engineers, CH

A Comparative Risk Analysis for Selected Austrian Tunnels                                               242

KNOFLACHER H., PFAFFENBICHLER P.C.; Vienna University of Technology, A

Road Safety in Tunnels with Uni- and Bi-Directional Traffic in Austria                                 250

ROBATSCH K., NUSSBAUMER C.; Austrian Road Safety Board, A

Systems, Infrastructure or Users?
Which is the best Investment to Improve Tunnel Safety?                                                     257

DAY J.R.; Electrowatt Infra Ltd, CH

Small Emergency Tunnels Inside Road Tunnels                                                                    265

INOKUMA A., MASHIMO H.; Public Works Research Institute, JPN

Safety Standards for Road and Rail Tunnels  – A Comparative Analysis                               272

DIX A.; Counsel at Law, AUS

Verzeichnis der bisher erschienen Mitteilungen des
Institutes für Verbrennungskraftmaschinen und Thermodynamik                                        279