Tunnel Safety and Ventilation

Graz, April 21 – 23, 2008



Early Experience with the Road Tunnel Safety Law                                                                 1

Hörhan R.; Austrian Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, A


Evolving Needs of Tunnel Ventilation in a Changing World                                                     8

1STURM P.J., 1BACHER M., 2Brandt R.;
1Graz University of Technology, A, 2HBI-Haerter Ltd Consulting Engineers, CH


Safety Design for Long Road Tunnel                                                                                        22

OTA Y.; Ota Engineering, JPN


Visualization and Light in Tunnel Confines                                                                              30

BARTENBACH C., Canazei M.; Bartenbach LichtLabor GmbH, A


Refurbishment of the Safety and Ventilation Equipment of the Tunnel Chain Pack              34

WALTL A.; Styrian Government, A


Madrid Calle 30: An Urban Transformation Project                                                              40

PRESA J.; Ayuntamiento de Madrid, E


Ventilation System Design and Large Scale Fire Tests                                                            47

1Del Rey I., 2Espinosa I., 2Fernandez S., 2Grande A., 1Alarcon E.;

1ETSII, Technical University of Madrid, E 2FFII – CEMIM, Madrid, E


Scenario-Based Risk Analysis for Road Tunnels                                                                     55

Pons P.; BG Consulting Engineers, F


System-Based Risk Models for Road Tunnels                                                                          61

Zulauf C.; Ernst Basler + Partner AG, CH


Modelling Human Behaviour in Tunnels – Expectations and Reality                                     67

Martens M.H.; TNO Human Factors, NL


Effective Thrust Transformation inside Tunnels with Jet Fans (Banana Jet)                         74

WITT K.C., SCHÜTZE J.; Witt&Sohn AG, D


Starting-Up-Time and -Method of Fans for Emergency Tunnel Ventilation Systems            82

v.Vemden F.; Zitron Nederland B.V., NL


Design Criteria and Operational Limits for Axial Flow Fans operated in Parallel Mode      90

SCHILLER F., Howden Ventilatoren GmbH, D


Refurbishment of Existing Tunnels and Construction of 2nd Tubes –
Solutions to the Electrotechnical and Safety Equipment                                                          98

WIERER A., grasser h.; ASFINAG Baumanagement GmbH, A


Upgrading of the Ventilation System of the Gleinalm Road Tunnel                                      107

HEISER W.; EAS - Engineering Aerodynamic Systems, D


Quantification of the Leakages into Exhaust Ducts in Road Tunnels based on
In-Situ Measurements                                                                                                             111

Buchmann R.; Pöyry Infra Ltd., CH


Overcoming Evacuation Limitations of the Učka Tunnel by Improvement of
Fire Safety Measures                                                                                                                                                    119

Drakulic M., LOZIca m.; Brodarski Institute d.o.o., HR


Upgrading and Refurbishing Ventilation Systems in Road Tunnels - Engineering
with Conflicting Interests                                                                                                        125

Rudolf A., HÖPPERGER B.; ILF Beratende Ingenieure ZT GmbH, A


Single Tunnel and Still Safe – The Felbertauerntunnel                                                           133

KOELL M.; Felbertauernstraße AG, A


Safety Requirements & Transport of Dangerous Goods through the
53 Kilometer Railway Tunnel through the Alps between Lyon and Turin                            139


1Lyon-Turin Ferroviarie, F, 2ARCADIS, NL


Aerodynamics, Climate and Ventilation of the Lötschberg Base Tunnel:
First Results of the Measurements carried out during the Commissioning Phase                147

Rudin C., Busslinger A., HAGENAH B., Nyfeler S.; HBI Haerter Ltd., CH


Upgrading Toronto’s University Subway Line Ventilation System                                       157

Rhodes N., McCulloch M., Wong H.-W.; Hatch Mott MacDonald, USA


Numerical Studies on Displacement of Fire Smoke in a Road Tunnel with a T-Junction     168

DUTRIEUE R., PAPALEXANDRIS M.V.; Université Catholique de Louvain, B


Smoke Stratification Stability: Presentation of Experiments                                                176

1Ineris, F, 2Egis Tunnels, F, 3LMFA Lyon University, F


Predicting Fire Growth and Smoke Conditions in Tunnels and Metros -
An Advanced Fire Model                                                                                                        183

Sanchez J.G.; MTA-New York City Transit, USA


Ventilation Control of the Blanka Tunnel: A Mathematical Programming Approach        192

1Pořízek J., 1Zápařka J., 2Ferkl L.; 1Satra, CZ, 2Feramat Cybernetics, CZ


Integral Tests of Electromechanical Systems in Motorway Tunnels                                     197

FELDER H., SEIRER S.; Brandenberger + Ruosch Ltd., CH

Heller A., Local Road Agency (vif) of the Canton of Lucerne, CH


Automatic Incident Detection and Alerting in Tunnels                                                          201

Böhnke P.; ave Verkehrs- und Informationstechnik GmbH, D


Dimensioning of a Fresh-Air-Impulse-Damper                                                                      206

1Pruckmayer g.; 2Steinrück H., 2Brandl A.,  2Alletto M.;

1SIROCCO Luft- und Umwelttechnik GmbH, A, 2Vienna University of Technology, A


The Effect of a Water Mist System on Large-Scale Tunnel Fires                                         211

1Meeussen V.,1Lemaire T., 2Reichsthaler G., 2Kern H., 3Essink O.,
3Derikx B., 4Meijer G. J.,;
1Efectis, NL, 2AQUASYS Technik GmbH, A,

3Centre for Tunnel Safety, RWS, NL, 4TNO, NL


HI-FOG Demonstration at TST, San Pedro de Anes, February 15 and 16, 2006                 226

Klinkhardt U.; Marioff GmbH, D


The Hazards of Trying to Improve the Safety of Tunnels                                                     234

DAY J., Pöyry Infra Ltd, CH


The Organisation and Cost of Tunnel Safety within the ASFINAG Group                           241

Rattei G.; ASFINAG AG, A


Tunnel Safety: More than the Sum of the Individual Pieces of Safety Equipment                245

DIX A.; Lawyer & Scientist, AUS







Safety in Tunnels on Motor- and Expressways                                                                      251

Nussbaumer C., Nitsche P.; Austrian Road Safety Board, A


Integrating Cameras with Tunnel Control Systems                                                               259

1Aralt T.T., 2Lyngtun Hansen T.;

1Norwegian Public Road Authority, N: 2Norphonic AS, N


Measuring Leakages in Road Tunnels                                                                                    263

Bettelini M.S.G.; Lombardi Ltd, Minusio, CH


Reports of the Institute for Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics                                  272