CONTENTS

Tunnel Safety and Ventilation

Graz, 12. - 14. June 2018

Preface

 

The Koralm-railtunnel – challenges of a major infrastructure project                                 1

K. SCHNEIDER;

ÖBB Infrastructure AG, A

 

Semmering Base Tunnel: construction, deep intermediate access shafts,
TBM- and drill and blast tunneling                                                                                          4

G. GOBIET;

ÖBB Infrastructure AG, A

 

EU-Directive 2004/54/EG – implementation - status report Austria                                   12

S. WIESHOLZER;

BMVIT Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, A

 

Today is tomorrow´s yesterday - tunnel security through the ages                                     15

G. RATTEI, U. STIEFVATER;

ASFINAG Service GmbH, A

 

Requirements for escape doors in the tunnels of the Koralm railway line –
special focus on thermal loads during fire                                                                             19

1H. STEINER, 2M. BEYER, 2P.J. STURM

1ÖBB Infrastructure AG, A, 2IVT, TU Graz, A

 

Change in thermal conditions during construction and operation of
a long railway tunnel – taking the Koralmtunnel as an example                                         30

1D. FRUHWIRT, 1M. BACHER, 1P.J. STURM, 2H. STEINER;

1IVT, TU Graz, A, 2ÖBB Infrastructure AG, A

 

A validation of the fire dynamics simulator for smoke dispersion from
metro stations                                                                                                                            46

1C. Fleming, 2N. Rhodes;

1SNC-Lavalin, CAN, 2Independent consultant, USA

 

On the aerodynamics of water mist from a ventilation designer’s perspective                   53

I. Riess, M. Steck;

Amstein + Walthert Progress AG, CH

 

Use of water mist systems in smoke extraction systems for
improving performances of exhaust fans                                                                               61

F. WAYMEL, L. PLAGNOL; Egis Tunnels, F

 

Mass flow of air in tubes and exhaust ducts of road tunnels
under traffic conditions                                                                                                           69

1B. Frei, 2H. Huber, 2D. Jurt, 2M. Imholz, 2R. Stockhaus;

1Aicher, De Martin, Zweng AG, Lucerne, CH

2Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, CH

 

New methodologies for volume flow measurements in ducts                                               78

M. Viertel, E. EICHELBERGER;

Pöyry Switzerland Ltd., CH

 

Realization of Saccardo nozzles as means of longitudinal ventilation
in Sachseln tunnel in Switzerland: An application example                                                 85

1R. Yousaf, 1E. Eichelberger, 1S. Gehrig, 2J. Grossmann, 2J. Steltmann;

1Pöyry Switzerland Ltd, CH

2TLT-Turbo GmbH, D

 

Statistical distribution of air flows in rail tunnels and resulting risk
of flow reversal during fire incidents                                                                                     93

1P. Reinke, 2M. Wehner;

1HBI Haerter AG, CH; 2HBI Haerter GmbH, D

 

Dynamic tunnelmodel – current practice                                                                             101

A. Bassler, R. Felix;

Nabla Ingenieure GmbH, CH

 

Effectiveness of the safeguarding supportive system (SSS) as a
residual risk measure in tunnel environment – quantitative evaluation
of validity of the SSS and behaviour of tunnel workers                                                     109

1R. Hojo, 1K. Hamajima, 2M. Tsuchiya, 1S. Umezaki, 1S. Shimizu
1National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, JPN
2
ADVANTAGE Risk Management Co., Ltd., JPN

 

Technologies for the improvement of jetfan installation factors                                        117

F. Tarada, K. Else;

Mosen Ltd. UK

 

Best practice in the use of banana jet® in tunnels and metros                                           125

K. C. Witt;

Witt & Sohn AG, D

 

Refurbishment of axial fans for tunnel ventilation systems                                               134

F. van Vemden, F. van Jaarsveld;

Zitron Nederland., NL

 

Smoke detection in road tunnels leading to automatic incident response                          141

1M. Lempp, 1N. Riklin, 1V. BUTTY, 2F. Zumsteg, 3M. Eisenlohr, 3P. Wartmann;

1HBI Haerter AG, CH, 2US+FZ Beratende Ingenieure, CH, 3FEDRO Federal Roads Office, CH

 

Rapid incident detection in tunnels through acoustic monitoring -
operating experiences in Austrian road tunnels                                                                  149

1F. Graf, 2M. Gruber;

1JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, A

2ASFINAG Bau Management GmbH, A

 

On the detection of traffic congestion and ventilation control                                           157

M. Bettelini; S. Rigert;

Amberg Engineering Ltd., CH

 

Fast fire detection by linear temperature sensor cable and its application                       165

I. Nakahori, T. Oshiro, K. Fukuda, T. Matsumoto, S. Abe;

Sohatsu Systems Laboratory Inc., Kobe, JPN

 

Development of a full probabilistic risk model to assess the performance
of longitudinal ventilation system for fires in tunnel                                                           175

1M. Pachera, 1,2B. v.Weyenberge, 1,2X. Deckers;

1Fire Engineered Solutions Ghent, BE

2Ghent University-UGent, BE

 

Reproduction of human behavior in risk models –
validation of the relevant risk parameters based on proband tests                                   185

1A. Lehan, 2O. Senekowitsch;

1Bundesanstalt für Straßenwesen, D,

2ILF Consulting Engineers, A

 

Experimental investigation of walking speed in a full-scale darkened tunnel                  194

1,2M. Seike, 2N. KawabatA, 2M. Hasegawa, 2N. Yamashita, 3Y.-C. Lu;

1Toyama Prefectural University, 2Kanazawa University, JPN
3Chia-yi county fire bureau, Taiwan, ROC

 

Discussing the influence of congestion on tunnel safety –
using the example of the Waterview Tunnel in Auckland, NZL                                       200

1B. Kohl, 2S. Eratne;

1ILF Consulting Engineers Austria GmbH, A,

Upgrading of road tunnels during normal operation                                                         209

A. Reinisch, A. JÖRG, A. WIERER;

ASFINAG BMG, A

 

Tunnel refurbishment from the perspective of the operating control center                   217

P. Sattinger;

evon GmbH, A

 

Control systems in city tunnels                                                                                              225

L. Elertson;
Swedish Transport Administration, S

 

Keeping cross passages smoke-free – results from full scale tests in rail tunnels              233

1T. THALLER, 2P. STURM, 3J. RODLER;

1ÖBB-Infrastruktur AG, A, 2IVT, TU Graz, A, 3FVT mbH, A

 

Hydraulic isolation from air entrainment as a novel smoke control measure
for adhered spill plumes                                                                                                        241

M. Houchin, M. Gilbey;

WSP Ltd, Guildford, UK

 

Findings about the complexity and critical factors regarding inaccuracy
of determining the installation efficiency of jet fans                                                           250

T. Pleninger;

Lechner & Partner ZT GmbH, A

 

Electric mobility and road tunnel safety - Hazards of electric vehicle fires                      258

1L.D. Mellert, 1U.Welte, 2M. Hermann, 2M. Kompatscher, 3X. Ponticq;

1Amstein + Walthert Progress AG, CH;

2VersuchsStollen Hagerbach AG, CH;

3Centre d'études des tunnels, F

 

Potential of integrating C2x communication into tunnel operations control                    266

1C. Badocha, 2G. Mayer, 3A. Norkauer;

1Ingenieurbüro Badocha, D; 2PTV Transport Consult GmbH, D;

3Hochschule für Technik Stuttgart, D

 

Improved incident management through a resilient organisation                                     274

A. STEIN;

Ponts et Chaussées Luxembourg, L

 

Reducing of piston effect in metro line A in Prague                                                           279

M. Novák;

METROPROJEKT Praha a.s., CZ

 

Practical experiences from the installation of the escape way ventilation system
of the Dalaaser tunnel                                                                                                            287

1R. Kripsch, 2R. Gertl;

1Sirocco Luft- und Umwelttechnik GmbH, A;

2ILF Consulting Engineers Austria GmbH, A

 

Main directions of upgrading Severomuysky railway tunnel ventilation
when there is an increase of the amount of traffic of the rolling stock                             295

1S. GENDLER, 1M. BELOV, 2R. VVEDENSKY, 2M. MOGILNIY;

1Saint-Petersburg Mining University, RU; 2OJSC NIPII "Lenmetrogiprotrans", RU

 

Life cycle and tunnel operation aspects will drive future project needs                            303

R. LIST;

ASFINAG Bau Management GmbH, A

 

Where to from here - hopes for the future of tunnel safety                                               312

C. STACEY;

Stacey Agnew Pty Ltd, AUS

 

Research@ZaB – the new research and development as well as training
and education center ZaB – Zentrum am Berg                                                                   320

R. GALLER;

University of Mining Leoben, A

 

POSTERPRESENTATIONS:

Newly established residual risk reduction measure of the
safeguarding supportive system (SSS) for tunnel construction site –
examination of reliability and convenience of the SSS                                                        328

1S. Shimizu, 1S. Umezaki, 1K. Hamajima, 2M. Tsuchiya, 1R. Hojo
1Japan Organization of Occupational Health and Safety,
 National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan (JNIOSH)

2
ADVANTAGE Risk Management Co., Ltd., Japan

 

Introduction of fire accident risk assessment method for
Japanese expressway tunnels using statistical approach                                                    335

Tetsuya YAMAZAKI1, Masahiro YOKOTA2 and Nobuyoshi KAWABATA3

1 Central Nippon Expressway Company Limited, Japan

2 Central Nippon Highway Engineering Tokyo Company Limited, Japan;

3 Kanazawa University, Japan

 

Reports of the

Institute for Internal Combustion Engines and Thermodynamics                                    339